Animals

Crow’s Nest Wildlife

Raptors

   
Barred owl 
(Strix varia)
Black vulture
(Coragyps atratus)
Cooper’s hawk 
(Accipiter cooperii)
Circus cyaneus
Northern harrier
(Circus cyaneus)
Osprey 
(Pandion haliaetus)
Red-shouldered hawk
(Bueo lineatus) 
Red-tailed hawk 
(Buteo jamaicensis)
Turkey vulture
(Cathartes aura)

Neotropical Migratory Landbirds

A Breeding Bird Survey conducted in the Spring of 1999 found 57 species of neotropical migratory landbirds and lists all species recorded during the survey. Ten of these species were identified as high global priority species by Partners in Flight. Another eleven species have been experiencing significant population declines. In fact, species with declining populations accounted for 60 percent of individual birds counted. In a geographic analysis of important habitats for neotropical migrants, Rosenberg and Wells (1995) identified Virginia to be the most important state in the Northeast for the conservation of worm-eating warblers and Louisiana waterthrush, two species whose distribution is relatively limited. They also recommended long-term planning and conservation for forest dependent species, with emphasis on wood thrush, Louisiana waterthrush, scarlet tanager and yellow-throated Vireo.
For more information click photo
Worm-eating Warblers
(Helmitheros vermivoru)
Louisiana Waterthrush
(Seiurus motacilla)
Wood Thrush
(mustelina)
Scarlet Tanager
(Piranga olivacea)
Yellow-throated Vireo
(Vireo flavifrons)

High Global Priority

Eastern Wood-Pewee
(Contopus virens)
Acadian Flycatcher
(Empidonax virescens)
Wood Thrush
(Hylocichla mustelina)
White-eyed Vireo
(griseus)
Yellow-throated Vireo
(Vireo flavifrons)
Prairie Warbler
(Dendroica discolor)
Worm-eating Warbler
(Helmitheros vermivoru)
Swainson’s Warbler
(Limnothlypis swainsonii)
Louisiana Waterthrush
(Seiurus motacilla)
Kentucky Warbler
(Oporornis formosus)

Significant Population Declines

Yellow-billed Cuckoo
(Coccyzus americanus)
Eastern Wood-pewee
(Contopus virens)
Barn Swallow
(Hirundo rustica)
Veery
(fuscescens)
Wood Thrush
(mustelina)
White-eyed Vireo
(griseus)
Northern Parula
(Parula americana)
Chestnut-sided Warbler
(Dendroica pensylvanica)
Black-throated Green Warbler
(Dendroica virens)
Bay-breasted Warbler
(Dendroica castanea)
Worm-eating Warbler
(Helmitheros vermivorus)
Ovenbird
(aurocapillus)
Common Yellowthroat
(Geothlypis trichas)
Rose-breasted Grosbeak
(Pheucticus ludovicianus)

Waterfowl

A 30-year Christmas Bird Count survey was conducted for the Crow’s Nest Peninsula, and 26 species of waterfowl were found using the property, including 10 of 13 NAWCA Priority Waterfowl species (noted in bold). For more information, also look at the Environmental Assessment.
American Black Duck
(Anas rubripes)
American Wigeon
(Anas americana)
Bufflehead
(Bucephala albeola)
Blue-winged Teal
(Anas discors)
Canada Goose
(Branta canadensis)
Canvasback
(Aythya valisineria)
Common Goldeneye
(Bucephala clangula americana)
Common Merganser
(Mergus merganser)
Gadwall
(Anas strepera)
Green-winged Teal
(Anas Crecca)
Hooded Merganser
(Lophodytes Cucullatus)
Lesser Scaup
(Aythya affinis)
Greater Scaup
(Aythya marila)
Mallard
(Anas platyrhnchos)
Mute Swan
(Cygnus olor)
Northern Pintail
(Anas acuta)
Northern Shoveler
(Anas clypeata)
Red-Breasted Merganser
(Mergus serrator)
Ruddy Duck
(Oxyura jamaicensis)
Redhead
(Aythya americana)
Ring-necked Duck
(Aythya collaris)
Snow Goose
(Anser caerulescens atlantica)
Tundra Swan
(Cygnus columbianus)
White-winged Scoter
(Melanitta fusca)
Wood Duck
(Aix sponsa)

Amphibians and Reptiles confirmed

Although no surveys have been conducted for amphibians and reptiles, 38 species have been identified as having a slight possibility of being on the Peninsula or have been confirmed as being on the Peninsula. The 12 confirmed are:
Eastern Cricket Frog
(Acris crepitans)
Eastern American Toad
(Bufo americanus)
Fowler’s Toad
(Bufo fowleri)
Northern Dusky Salamander
(Desmognathus fuscus)
Red-backed Salamander
(Plethodon cinereus)
Eastern Snapping Turtle
(Chelydra serpentinaserpentina)
Eastern Painted Turtle
(Chrysemys pictapicta)
Eastern Mud Turtle
(Kinosternon subrubrum)
River Cooter
(Pseudemys concinna)
Eastern Box Turtle
(Terrapene carolina)
Red Eared Slider
(Trachemys scripta elegans)
Northern Copperhead Snake
(Agkistrodon contortrix)

Aquatic Resources

The freshwater marshes are highly valuable spawning and nursery habitats for many species of economically important sport and commercial fish, including:
Striped bass
(Morone saxatilis)
Alewife
(Alosa psuedoharengus)
Blueback herring
(Alosa aestivalis)
Hickory shad
(Alosa mediocris)
Yellow perch
(Perca flavescens)
Short Nose Sturgeon
(Acipenser Brevirostrum)
There have not been extensive surveys for aquatic species in the two creeks, but an electrofishing survey conducted in 1995, creel data and other cursory surveys have documented occurrences of the following fish and mollusk species (Table 5 page 19 of the Final E.A.):

Mammals

No population surveys have been conducted for mammals on Crows’ Nest. However, past hunting and trapping activities at the Peninsula have harvested the following:
White-tailed Deer
(Odocoileus virginianus)
American Beaver
(Castor canadensis)
Muskrat
(Ondatra zibethinus)
Ermine
(Mustela erminea)
Mink
(Mustela vison)
River Otter
(Lutra canadensis)
Black Bear
(Ursus americanum)
Red Fox
(vulpes vulpes)
Other species commonly found in Stafford County and likely to occur on the property include:
Gray Fox
(Urocyon cinereoargenteus)
Long-tailed Weasel
(Mustela frenata)
Deer Mouse
(Peromyscus maniculatus)
White-footed Mouse
(Peromyscus leucopus)
Eastern Harvest Mouse
(Reithrodontomys humilis)
House Mouse
(Mus musculus)
Southeastern Shrew
(Sorex longirostris)
Short-tail Shrews
(Blarina brevicauda)
Least Shrew
(Cryptotis parva)
Pygmy Shrew
(Sorex hoyi)
Star-nosed Mole
(Condylura cristata)
Meadow Vole
(Microtus pennsylvanicus)
Pine Vole
(Microtus pinetorum)
Eastern Chipmunk
(Tamias striatus)
Gray Squirrel
(Sciurus carolinensis)
Red Squirrel
(Tamiasciurus hudsonicus)
Southern Flying Squirrel
(Glaucomys volans)
Woodchuck
(Marmota monax)
Eastern Cottontail
(Sylvilagus floridanus)
Racoon
(Procyon lotor)
Opossum
(Didelphis virginiana)
Two solitary roosting bat species are relatively common to the State.
Red Bat
(Lasiurus borealis)
Hoary Bat
(Lasiurus cinereus)
Other bat species that may roost or feed in the study area include;